#### Command list

• Input handling
• Solution control and techniques
• Output
• Mesh commands
• Nodes and connectivity
• Material properties
• Initial conditions
• Boundary conditions
• Contact and tied interfaces
• Rigid bodies
• Connectors
• Parameters and functions
• Geometries
• Sets
• Coordinate system
• Particle
• SPH

### PRESTRESS_BLIND_HOLE_BOLT

*PRESTRESS_BLIND_HOLE_BOLT
pid${}_{bolt}$, pid${}_{plate}$, cid, $sf$, $t_{beg}$, $t_{end}$

#### Parameter definition

VariableDescription
pid${}_{bolt}$ Bolt part ID
pid${}_{plate}$ Plate part ID
cid ID of a CURVE or FUNCTION defining bolt shaft stress versus time
$sf$ Shaft stress curve scale factor
default: 1
$t_{beg}$ Start time
$t_{end}$ End time
default: 1.0e20

#### Description

This command is used to prestress a set of bolts and to apply balancing forces to the surface of the holes in which the bolts are attached. pid${}_{bolt}$ is assumed to contain one or several bolts. pid${}_{plate}$ must have holes matching the bolts. The command identifies the discrete bolts and holes and creates bolt-hole pairs. The bolt shafts are prestressed with the axial stress defined by curve cid.

#### Example

The following commands define an axial bolt shaft stress of 100MPa. The bolt is in part 3 and the threaded base plate in part 1. The applied shaft stress ramps up from 0 to 100MPa and is then held constant.

#
# Step 1 - pre-stress
#
*UNIT_SYSTEM
MMTONS
*PARAMETER
sig_pre = 100.0, "bolt shaft stress"
tend = 0.005, "termination time"
*TIME
[%tend]
*OUTPUT
0
0, 0, ALL
*PART
"base plate"
1, 1
"mounted plate"
2, 1
"M12 bolt"
3, 2
*PRESTRESS_BLIND_HOLE_BOLT
"M12 bolt"
3, 1, 200
*FUNCTION
"shaft stress versus time"
200
smooth_d(%sig_pre, 0.0, %tend/2)

The OUTPUT command is defined to output state files for the complete model at termination. These state file are to be included in the next modeling stage, where the bolt is merged to the hole in the base plate:

#
# Step 2 - inlcude state from Step 1
#
*UNIT_SYSTEM
MMTONS
#
# elements, nodes and final state after Step 1
*INCLUDE
../prestress/impetus_state1.k
#
# file with *MERGE command, locking the bolt to base plate
*INCLUDE
../prestress/impetus_state_bolt1.k

impetus_state_boltX.k contains a MERGE command that locks bolt to the hole:

*MERGE
"bolt (0,0)"
G, 10001, G, 10002
*GEOMETRY_SEED_NODE
10001
208, 0, 95.0
*GEOMETRY_SEED_NODE
10002
10070, 0, 95.0
*END

Each bolt hole pair has its own MERGE definition. As a consequence merge.out will have one force history curve for each connection.